Workplace Discrimination in Tuscaloosa, AL
Too often, Tuscaloosa residents have felt the sting of discrimination. While this behavior has no place in society, it certainly has no place in the workplace. Ageism, racism, sexism, or any other type of discrimination can keep someone from performing their job at peak capability. If you have experienced any type of differential treatment based on protected categories, you may want to engage the services of an experienced Tuscaloosa attorney to help you fight back.
What Is Workplace Discrimination?
Discrimination in the workplace deals with unfair treatment. These laws can vary, depending on factors such as race, gender, sexual orientation, physical disability, physical qualities, or age. Workplace discrimination can occur between employees or between employers and existing or prospective employees.
Tuscaloosa, Alabama Labor laws make some types of workplace discrimination illegal. If illegal discrimination occurs, workers may be able to file a workplace discrimination lawsuit. A worker does not need to currently have employment from a company to face qualifying acts of discrimination. For instance, say the company chose not to hire someone. If it’s because of a qualifying characteristic, the individual may be able to file a claim.
Here are some of the most common types of discrimination that occur in the Tuscaloosa, AL work environment:
- Choosing not to hire someone because of their disability
- Choosing not to promote someone because of their race
- Excluding someone from a project because management says they’re too old
- Making misogynistic comments about women
- Deliberately paying men more than women because the boss values their work more
Should You File a Complaint With the HR Department or the EEOC?
Most Tuscaloosa, AL companies have a human resources department and discrimination in the workplace falls within their portfolio. For that reason, raising concerns with the appropriate HR representative may include filing a written report, a possible sit-down interview, and an investigation.
Sometimes a company does not have a human resources department and there are no policies in place. To resolve the issue, you might take your concerns directly to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. They can assist you in investigating the claim and possibly filing a lawsuit.
Tuscaloosa residents must receive a copy of their claim from their employer within 10 days of filing, according to Workplace Fairness. Decisions on whether to investigate, dismiss, or mediate your claim will be handled by the EEOC. If an investigation occurs they will gather the appropriate documents and witness testimony to ascertain the exact events. If they find discrimination has taken place they will attempt to reach a settlement. If they do not find discrimination they will present you with a “Notice of Right to Sue”.
What Laws Protect Against Discrimination in the Workplace?
There are federal workplace discrimination laws that help to protect employees. On a federal level, Tuscaloosa employees have protections from discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, many states have even stronger laws that offer additional protections.
Let’s use an example. California is the first state where ethnic hair and the right to wear it naturally became a right with protections. In other states, employers may discriminate against natural hair because it is part of racial discrimination.
Tuscaloosa employees may file charges, free from hindrance, if they believe they are the victim of discrimination. This is according to the Alabama Department of Labor. However, Alabama has no state laws that apply specifically to discrimination. The only exception to this Alabama has laws prohibiting age discrimination in companies with 20 or more employees. However, you can still file a claim under federal discrimination statutes.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
This specifically prohibits employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of race, religion, sex, color, or national origin. It typically applies to organizations with 15 or more employees. It also applies to schools (both public and private) and labor organizations. The EEOC’s primary responsibility is enforcing this law.
Alabama Law Enforcement Agency affirms that the state generally uses existing discriminatory legislation, Title 7 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. No one can face discrimination because of their race, sex, national origin, or religion.
Other Notable Applicable Federal Discrimination Laws
- Equal Pay Act (EPA) – Deals with equal pay act for men and women
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) – Protects workers aged 40 and over
- Americans with Disabilities Act – Protects employees with physical disabilities
Examples of State Workplace Discrimination Laws
- According to Employment Law Help Alabama, the state has no discrimination statutes and instead, relies only on federal law in discrimination cases.
- California: The CROWN Act – Bans employers from discriminating against ethnic hair.
- New York: Human Rights Law – Prohibits discrimination.. Includes expansions to include ethnic hair, sexual orientation, and gender identity as characteristics with protections
- Washington: Washington State Law Against Discrimination – Makes discrimination illegal, including discrimination against disabled people who rely on service animals
What Is the Workplace Discrimination Process Like?
Filing a claim for workplace discrimination in Tuscaloosa, Alabama can be a tricky process given the number of potential laws in play. This is especially the case when the characteristics with protections only qualify under state law. The EEOC enforces federal workplace discrimination laws. In some cases, individual state labor departments handle the claims that only qualify under state law.
Filing a Claim
When it comes to federal claims, workers have about 180 days to file, to remain within the statute of limitations. Time is of the essence with discrimination claims. It’s a good idea to hire a discrimination lawyer to help from the beginning.
Tuscaloosa, AL claimants also need to provide some basic information with their claim. Depending on the agency, the employer’s name, the name(s) of involved parties, and a description of the incident. It will also include the contact information for everyone with involvement in the issue.
Once the investigation has begun, the agency may request more information. They generally give you ample time and opportunity to produce said information if this happens.
Investigating the Claim
The investigation may involve interviewing the Tuscaloosa employee, employer, other employees at the same place of business. However, it may also include anyone else who may have relevant information. The agency determines that the claim is valid and discrimination did, in fact, take place. The next step is generally to work for settlement or mediation. For this reason, both parties may have an incentive to work out a compromise.
Still, it might be necessary to file a lawsuit with the appropriate court. This is especially true if the parties cannot reach a settlement on the employee’s behalf. If that’s the case, an attorney issues what is known as a “Right To Sue” letter. This letter gives the employee suffering from discrimination the right to sue on their own accord.
The Federal EEOC states that you can file an appeal if you are dissatisfied with the conclusion reached regarding your claim. However, you must file this appeal within 30 days of the decision being made. You can submit an appeal using the Public Portal on the EEOC website, or by mail.
Work With an Experienced Workplace Discrimination Lawyer In Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Consider hiring an Alabama lawyer who specializes in discrimination as soon as the incident takes place. Experts often recommend that you resolve the issue internally through the proper HR channels. On the other hand, many employers mishandle these cases.
If you are considering a lawsuit an attorney becomes even more necessary. Tuscaloosa, AL discrimination attorneys can help you with the paperwork, prepare you for depositions, and find corroborating witnesses to support your claim.
If the court rules in your favor, you might become entitled to several different compensatory benefits:
- Back pay
- Front pay
- Reasonable accommodations
- Payment of attorneys’ fees, court costs, and expert witness fees
Are you ready to find out if you are eligible for these benefits in Tuscaloosa? Start with a case review.