Immigration Law in Chattanooga, TN

Does your immigration status worry you? Do you find the current immigration laws confusing? A Chattanooga, Tennessee immigration lawyer can help correctly file all your paperwork. An immigration attorney can also defend you if you face deportation orders.

What Is Immigration Law?

Immigration law deals with federal regulations dictating who can live and work in the United States of America. It also involves the naturalization process for permanent residents who wish to become United States citizens. For those who enter or remain in the country illegally or those who lose their status, U.S immigration law mandates their prosecution, detention, and possible deportation.

In 2017, WDEF-TV reported that Chattanooga doesn’t consider itself a sanctuary city. Instead, Chattanooga considers itself a welcoming city that doesn’t actively seek to work with ICE. In January 2019 the Tennessee General Assembly passed an anti-sanctuary city law. Specifically, if a chancery court finds a city has a formal sanctuary policy the city won’t receive grants from the Department of Economic and Community Development.

Which Government Agencies Enforce Immigration Law?

There are multiple federal government agencies that oversee immigration law in the United States. Here are the three major federal agencies:

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement: ICE investigates people who violate immigration laws and carries out enforcement.
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services: USCIS handles applications to become United States workers, residents, or citizens.
  • Customs and Border Protection: CBP is tasked with maintaining and strengthening the country’s borders.

How Does Immigration Into the U.S. and Chattanooga, TN Work?

In order to legally immigrate to the United States, one must submit several different applications to the federal government. Immigration regulations can change constantly. We recommend hiring a Chattanooga, Tennessee immigration lawyer to help with the process. Note if immigration is the main practice area of a law firm.

According to the Tennessee Immigrant & Refugee Rights Coalition, Tennessee has become a battleground for immigration law in recent years. Numerous controversial anti-immigrant proposals have been defeated at the state level, with a few positive developments. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, Tennessee did enact the Funeral Directors and Embalmers law in 2019. This law authorizes lawful permanent residents of the US to apply for an embalmer’s license. In 2020, Tennessee passed a resolution urging Congress to enact legislation securing the citizenship of internationally adopted adult individuals. An experienced Chattanooga immigration attorney can help you understand the most current rules and how they may apply to your case.

Types Of Immigration

Family-Based Immigration

This is the most common type of immigration. It involves an eligible family member filing a petition on behalf of the individual seeking naturalization. U.S. citizens can file a petition on behalf of anyone considered an immediate relative. However, permanent residents and other migrants may face additional restrictions.

Those seeking immigration who aren’t immediately related to the person filing a petition on their behalf are subject to further review. This puts your immigration application into a pool with applied preferences. Preferential treatment goes to those who are under 21 and unmarried. On the other hand, less preference is given to older relatives of those filing a petition. It can take years for these kinds of applicants to obtain a visa.

Employment-Based Immigration

This is a temporary visa given to those seeking work or business opportunities in America. Employment-based immigration is a broad category with many different categories. Some of these include (but are not limited to):

  • Visas for athletes or entertainers
  • Diplomatic employees visas
  • Visas for religious workers
  • Visas for employees in specific industries, such as healthcare and agriculture

In these cases, a specific employer typically sponsors the immigrant. Once the temporary window closes, the company can choose to make the immigrant’s status permanent. Some Chattanooga business owners and investors can also sponsor themselves via their companies.

Refugees And Asylum Seekers

There are special conditions where immigrants may legally enter and remain in the United States. These situations can involve people fleeing persecution or who cannot return to where they came from due to unsafe conditions. The President, in coordination with Congress, dictates how many people can be granted refugee status.

People who fear persecution upon returning to their country may seek asylum from the United States. There is currently no mandated limit on how many people can be granted asylum or how long their period of asylum lasts in Immigration Law.

The United States Office of Refugee Resettlement coordinates services for refugees at the state level. In addition, the Tennessee Office for Refugees (TOR) supports a diverse population of refugees including asylees, trafficking victims, and Cuban and Haitian Entrants. TOR partners with the community to provide information and resources. In Chattanooga, the Bridge Refugee Services is a non-profit agency providing support with case management, employment help, and the Refugee School Impact Program.

The Difference Between a Visa and a Green Card

A visa allows you to enter the U.S. and remain for a certain period of time. However, a green card allows you to enter and stay for as long as you want. Permanent residents are people who hold green cards.

Non-Immigrant Visas

Non-immigrant visas are types of visas for people who are planning on leaving once their term has elapsed. These types of visas do not lead to permanent residency unless the person has another qualifying reason. For example, this includes tourist visas, student visas, and work visas.

Immigrant Visas

Immigrant visas offer the opportunity for permanent residency in the United States. If you have an immigrant visa, you might become eligible for a green card. However, these visas are harder to obtain and require someone to vouch for you via petition by a qualifying U.S. person.

The Role of Chattanooga, TN Immigration Lawyers

Chattanooga, Tennessee immigration lawyers serve as advisors that guide applicants throughout the immigration application process. As a result, matters that typically invoke the service of an immigration lawyer are extensive. These are deportation issues, green cards, citizenship, naturalization, employment, and visa or green card applications.

You will not typically find immigration lawyers in court dealing with cases. Instead, they serve as mediators between their clients and the U.S. immigration services. Specifically, Chattanooga, TN immigration lawyers deal with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services department.

The Tennessee Immigrant & Refugee Rights Coalition (TIRRC) is nationally recognized for its multiethnic coalition building, legislative advocacy, and communications initiatives. Since 2012, TIRRC has led a statewide campaign to pass legislation granting Tennessee’s undocumented students the opportunity to pay in-state tuition rates at public colleges. TIRRC also provides resources to help immigrants learn English. Also, the CALEB Immigration Bond Fund is a revolving fund account used to post federal bonds for individuals held in ICE detention. CALEB works to reunite families in Hamilton County by helping to raise money for eligible detainees.

When Should I Consider Hiring a Chattanooga, TN Immigration Attorney?

Hiring an immigration lawyer in Chattanooga, Tennessee is not always necessary. But even so, there are some instances where hiring an immigration attorney becomes almost mandatory:

  • The applicant convicted a crime.
  • Prior applications have been denied.
  • The applicant has previously been deported or barred entry from the United States.
  • The waiting period for an application has taken unreasonably long.
  • The applicant is seeking an employment visa but the employer refuses to help facilitate the process.
  • The applicant’s previous status was based on marriage but that marriage resulted in divorce. You need to prove there was no fraudulent activity.
  • The child of an applicant is close to reaching the age of 21 prior to the granted application. There are different provisions for people under the age of 21.
  • The applicant is confused with the application process. The applicant is unable to complete the paperwork on their own.

Do you suffer from any of the problems above or have other immigration problems to resolve? If so, we can help connect you with the right Chattanooga, TN attorney to help you navigate this complicated legal system. We can even help you connect with an attorney across Tennessee state lines.

Submit a request online or call us today at (866) 345-6784 to get in touch with an experienced lawyer in your area!

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