Divorce Law in Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN
Divorce Law refers to the legal termination of a marriage and often involves working through several complicated issues.
Are you facing a costly divorce in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota? Does your estranged spouse have an attorney? Usually, couples going through a divorce are unable to compromise on most items and reach an agreement on their own. Thus, many couples go through mediation or the court system to resolve their case.
Issues Involved in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota Divorce Law
There are many complicated issues that you need to settle during the divorce process. Many of these elicit strong emotions from one party or the other, resulting in volatility.
One of the most challenging issues in the divorce law process is dividing property, debts and assets. In many states, like Minnesota, anything you and your spouse purchased over your marriage is subject to division. This includes things such as real estate, bank accounts, cars, stocks, etc. Some states split marital property evenly, while others go along an equitable split. In the latter, the judge weighs the contribution each spouse made to the marriage and uses that information to decide the disposition property, which may not equate to a perfect 50/50 division of your property, debt, and other assets..
Both parents are responsible for paying for the care of their children. There is a child support guideline that helps determine how much each parent should contribute based on their income and the amount of time they spend with the children. Child support pays for things such as healthcare, food, clothing and other basic needs.
Under Minnesota law, Minneapolis-St. Paul child support is based on the combined incomes of both parents. The court will determine the total amount of support using a formula. Each parent is then responsible for a percentage of the total. If you do not pay your child support, the Minnesota Child Support Office can garnish your wages or place a lien on your property. In addition, your driver’s license can be suspended or you could even go to jail for contempt of court.
Alimony, or spousal support, can vary dramatically depending on the marriage, and Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN divorce law court looks at multiple factors when determining the amount and length of alimony, including:
- A spouse’s need and the other spouse’s ability to pay
- The age and health of each spouse
- The length of the marriage
- Each spouse’s earning capacity and level of education
- The division of property
- Parental responsibility of the children
- Sole investments and assets of either spouse
Minnesota statute allows Minneapolis-St. Paul courts to award either short-term or long-term alimony. Short-term alimony, which is for a set duration, is much more common. The goal is to allow the supported spouse to obtain the education or experience to become self-sufficient. Whereas Long-term maintenance is typically reserved for long marriages, where the supported spouse is unable to work due to age or disability.
Child Custody and Visitation
Child custody is perhaps the most emotional issue during a divorce that involves children. The most important thing to keep in mind is that the court bases all decisions on what is in the best interest of the child. Keeping this in mind may help navigate the rough waters of custody.
Minnesota legislation lays out numerous factors for a judge to consider when making a custody decision. A Minneapolis-St. Paul court will look at all of these factors, including:
- The reasonable preference of the child
- Any history of domestic abuse
- The physical, mental, and chemical health of each parent
- The stability of the child’s environment
In addition to the required factors, the court can consider any other relevant factors. There is a rebuttable presumption that joint custody is in the child’s best interest.
Generally, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota courts award joint legal custody giving both parents the legal right to make decisions for the children, such as education, medical care and religious practices. Legal custody has nothing to do with physical custody or visitation. Joint custody does not mean both parents split time with the child evenly, just as Sole legal custody does not bar the non-custodial parent from visiting the child.
The Process of Going Through Divorce Law in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
Are you leaning towards getting a divorce from your partner? If so, it is important to understand the necessary steps of the divorce law process.
Step 1: File the Divorce Law Petition
The divorce law process begins when one spouse files a legal petition to terminate the marriage. The petition must include:
- A legal reason for divorce (grounds for divorce)
- A statement that shows at least one spouse meets the state’s residency requirements for divorce
- Other statutory information your state requires
Most states offer the option for filing a no-fault divorce, which does not require a legal reason for the divorce.
Minnesota permits no-fault divorce for Minneapolis-St. Paul couples. One of the spouses must simply state that the marriage is irretrievably broken.
Step 2: Request Temporary Orders
The divorce law process in Minneapolis-St. Paul can take several months, but temporary orders can be requested and approved for a multitude of reasons, including:
- Child custody
- Child support
- Spousal support
- Property restraining orders
- Status quo orders
Request temporary orders as quickly as possible so you are not absent the resources or protection that you need.
Step 3: Serve Your Spouse and Wait for Their Response
If you are the one who files a petition for divorce, you must have your spouse served with their divorce law papers and then file a proof of service with the courts. If your spouse accepts service, then they need to fill out an affidavit to that effect. However, in many cases, the petitioner must hire a process server or sheriff to formally serve the petition on the other spouse. It is this third-party who then records the proof of service.
Step 4: Try To Come to an Agreement
The best outcome for anyone going through this process is to have an uncontested divorce, meaning both spouses agree on all issues.
This can be reached between both partners or with the help of a mediator. Not only will this save each spouse money, but there will typically be a lot less animosity.
Step 5: Go To Court
If you and your spouse are unable to reach an agreement, then the case continues before a Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN judge. While there is some benefit to having a judge hand down orders, it may also be a detriment as there is little to no control of the agreement by the parties.
Minnesota divorces are under the jurisdiction of the District Courts. The petition can be filed in the county where either of the spouses lives. Minneapolis residents can file at the Hennepin County District Court, and St. Paul residents can file at the Ramsey County District Court.
Step 6: Receive the Judgement of Divorce
The divorce law trial will end with the official judgment of divorce, ending the marriage. This final dissolution of marriage sets out the details about property and debt division, child custody and all relevant issues between the couple.
Work With an Experienced Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota Divorce Law Attorney
If you are going through a divorce and are unable to reach an agreement with your partner, you should hire an experienced Minneapolis-St. Paul divorce law attorney. A lawyer will fight for you and make sure you get what is yours. We can even help you connect with an attorney across Minnesota state lines.
Submit a request online or call us today at (866) 345-6784 to get in touch with an experienced lawyer in your area!