Workplace Discrimination in Toledo, OH
Discrimination is an all-too-familiar scenario for many in the workplace. Likewise, it is also the most common type of workplace lawsuit that workers file. An experienced Toledo, Ohio workplace discrimination attorney can help. Find out how.
What Is Workplace Discrimination?
Discrimination in the workplace deals with unfair treatment. These laws can vary, depending on factors such as race, gender, sexual orientation, physical disability, physical qualities, or age. Workplace discrimination can occur between employees or between employers and existing or prospective employees.
Toledo, Ohio Labor laws make some types of workplace discrimination illegal. If illegal discrimination occurs, workers may be able to file a workplace discrimination lawsuit. A worker does not need to currently have employment from a company to face qualifying acts of discrimination. For instance, say the company chose not to hire someone. If it’s because of a qualifying characteristic, the individual may be able to file a claim.
Here are some of the most common types of discrimination that occur in the Toledo, OH work environment:
- Choosing not to hire someone because of their disability
- Choosing not to promote someone because of their race
- Excluding someone from a project because management says they’re too old
- Making misogynistic comments about women
- Deliberately paying men more than women because the boss values their work more
Should You File a Complaint With the HR Department or the EEOC?
Most Toledo, OH companies have a human resources department and discrimination in the workplace falls within their portfolio. For that reason, raising concerns with the appropriate HR representative may include filing a written report, a possible sit-down interview, and an investigation.
Sometimes a company does not have a human resources department and there are no policies in place. To resolve the issue, you might take your concerns directly to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. They can assist you in investigating the claim and possibly filing a lawsuit.
The Detroit Field Office of the EEOC has jurisdiction over complaints in Toledo. Once you file a Charge of Discrimination, the EEOC will send a copy to your Toledo employer. During the ensuing investigation, the EEOC may request a Position Statement from your employer. The EEOC will try to resolve the case through a settlement. However, the EEOC has the authority to take your employer to court.
What Laws Protect Against Discrimination in the Workplace?
There are federal workplace discrimination laws that help to protect employees. On a federal level, Toledo employees have protections from discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, many states have even stronger laws that offer additional protections.
Let’s use an example. California is the first state where ethnic hair and the right to wear it naturally became a right with protections. In other states, employers may discriminate against natural hair because it is part of racial discrimination.
Under Ohio Code, a Toledo employer cannot discriminate in the payment of wages because of a protected status. This Code covers race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, and ancestry. However, wage discrepancies may be permitted under certain circumstances. For example, it is not wage discrimination if there is a seniority system or a merit system in place. As well, a Toledo employer cannot legally reduce the wage of any employee to comply with this law.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
This specifically prohibits employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of race, religion, sex, color, or national origin. It typically applies to organizations with 15 or more employees. It also applies to schools (both public and private) and labor organizations. The EEOC’s primary responsibility is enforcing this law.
According to Ohio History Central, Ohio passed the Ohio Civil Rights Act (OCRA) in 1959. Under The OCRA, a Toledo employer cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or ancestry. OCRA also guarantees all Toledo residents fair access to public facilities and private businesses. Additionally, OCRA now covers sex, military status, disability, and age. However, The Act does not explicitly cover sexual orientation, gender identity, or pregnancy.
Other Notable Applicable Federal Discrimination Laws
- Equal Pay Act (EPA) – Deals with equal pay act for men and women
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) – Protects workers aged 40 and over
- Americans with Disabilities Act – Protects employees with physical disabilities
Examples of State Workplace Discrimination Laws
- Ohio: Under Ohio Code, a Toledo employee must file a charge with the Ohio Civil Rights Commission (OCRC) before they can pursue a civil action. Additionally, the OCRC must also issue a Right to Sue to the Toledo employee. The employee then has up to 2 years to file a civil action. Keep in mind that the 2 years is measured from the date of last harm.
- California: The CROWN Act – Bans employers from discriminating against ethnic hair.
- New York: Human Rights Law – Prohibits discrimination.. Includes expansions to include ethnic hair, sexual orientation, and gender identity as characteristics with protections
- Washington: Washington State Law Against Discrimination – Makes discrimination illegal, including discrimination against disabled people who rely on service animals
What Is the Workplace Discrimination Process Like?
Filing a claim for workplace discrimination in Toledo, Ohio can be a tricky process given the number of potential laws in play. This is especially the case when the characteristics with protections only qualify under state law. The EEOC enforces federal workplace discrimination laws. In some cases, individual state labor departments handle the claims that only qualify under state law.
Filing a Claim
When it comes to federal claims, workers have about 180 days to file, to remain within the statute of limitations. Time is of the essence with discrimination claims. It’s a good idea to hire a discrimination lawyer to help from the beginning.
Toledo, OH claimants also need to provide some basic information with their claim. Depending on the agency, the employer’s name, the name(s) of involved parties, and a description of the incident. It will also include the contact information for everyone with involvement in the issue.
Once the investigation has begun, the agency may request more information. They generally give you ample time and opportunity to produce said information if this happens.
Investigating the Claim
The investigation may involve interviewing the Toledo employee, employer, other employees at the same place of business. However, it may also include anyone else who may have relevant information. The agency determines that the claim is valid and discrimination did, in fact, take place. The next step is generally to work for settlement or mediation. For this reason, both parties may have an incentive to work out a compromise.
Still, it might be necessary to file a lawsuit with the appropriate court. This is especially true if the parties cannot reach a settlement on the employee’s behalf. If that’s the case, an attorney issues what is known as a “Right To Sue” letter. This letter gives the employee suffering from discrimination the right to sue on their own accord.
The EEOC will accept an appeal up to 30 days after it issues its final decision. A Toledo complainant can submit an appeal online through the EEOC Public Portal. Alternatively, you can submit the appeal by mail, or in person at the Office of Federal Operations.
Work With an Experienced Workplace Discrimination Lawyer In Toledo, Ohio
Consider hiring a Toledo lawyer who specializes in discrimination as soon as the incident takes place. Experts often recommend that you resolve the issue internally through the proper HR channels. On the other hand, many employers mishandle these cases.
If you are considering a lawsuit an attorney becomes even more necessary. Toledo, OH discrimination attorneys can help you with the paperwork, prepare you for depositions, and find corroborating witnesses to support your claim.
If the court rules in your favor, you might become entitled to several different compensatory benefits:
- Back pay
- Front pay
- Reasonable accommodations
- Payment of attorneys’ fees, court costs, and expert witness fees
Are you ready to find out if you are eligible for these benefits in Toledo? Start with a case review.
Submit a request online or call us today at (866) 345-6784 to get in touch with an experienced lawyer in your area!